Why Aga Khan strengthens ties with Canada

    The Canadian Parliament is expected to hear a speech from His Highness the Aga Khan, 49th hereditary Imam of the world’s 15 million Shia Ismaili Muslims, on February 27, 2014. He is also expected to meet Prime Minister Stephen Harper during the visit.

    Usually, it is heads of state and government who are invited to address the Canadian Parliament but among the handful of people who have had the privilege to do so are three former secretaries general of the U.N., including Kofi Annan.

    The Aga Khan’s association with Canada dates back to the time when Pierre Trudeau was the prime minister. The two were personal friends and Trudeau was instrumental in opening doors to Uganda Asians, many of them Aga Khan’s Ismailii followers who were expelled by Ugandan dictator Idi Amin (dubbed Hitler of Africa) at a moment’s notice. More than 60,000 Asians, many of them third generation born in Africa, were given 90 days to leave the country, resulting in the largest Asian exodus in African history. Panic-stricken Asians from neighboring Kenya and Tanzania also followed suit, causing an international crisis. This largest displacement of a racial group culminated in their settlement in the United Kingdom, Canada, US and several European countries.

    The Aga Khan is scheduled to visit Canada again sometime this year to open the Aga Khan Museum in Toronto. Canada’s Ismaili community has grown to more than 100,000 today from the time Canada began to welcome Ismailis to her shores some four decades ago.

    Canada has had good relations with the Aga Khan and his institutions, including the Aga Khan Foundation Canada and the Aga Khan Development Network (AKDN). AKDN runs a wide range of international development initiatives, including in Afghanistan, in the areas of health, education, rural and economic development and the creation of new opportunities for women.

    The Aga Khan has established several projects of international stature in Canada, making it the world headquarters of the Ismaili community. This relationship with Canada was further cemented with joint partnership and the establishment of the Global Centre for Pluralism in Ottawa in 2006.

    In a Globe & Mail interview, the Aga Khan described Canada as “a model for the world” and “the most successful pluralist society on the face of our globe. That is something unique to Canada. It is an amazing global asset.”

    He said Canada had created a pluralist societies where minorities were welcome. “They feel comfortable. They assimilate in the Canadian psyche. They are allowed to move forward within civil society in an equitable manner. Their children are educated. And I am not the one who is making the judgment. Look at the international evaluation of Canada as a country and the way it functions.”

    In a later interview with CBC’s Peter Mansbridge, he said the failure to see value in pluralism is a terrible liability but Canada has invested in making this potential liability become an asset. “It’s a global asset, and few countries, if any, have been as successful as Canada has.”

    The Global Centre for Pluralism on whose board of directors are such prominent people as the former Canadian Governor General Adrianne Clarkson and the former U.N. Secretary General Kofi Anan.

    Another prestigious Ismaili institution is the Ottawa-based Delegation of Ismaili Imamat, which serves as a representative of the Aga Khan’s institutions in Canada, including the philanthropic and development agency, AKDN.

    When it opens its doors, the Aga Khan Museum, the first of its kind in the English-speaking world, will attract scholars and visitors from Canada and the U.S. and portray the arts, culture and contributions of Muslim societies. The museum will house rare artifacts and collections of Muslim culture, promoting Islamic art through exhibitions and displays.

    The Aga Khan’s stature internationally can be compared to a king without a kingdom. His influence, authority and power surpasses leader of any standing. He meets more foreign heads of state, presidents and prime ministers than even the president of United States.

    Apart from being a humanitarian and interested in international development, the Aga Khan is also a great lover of architecture. He has established the Aga Khan Award for Architecture, the world’s largest architecture award totaling $500,000 US. As a promoter of education, he has established University of Central Asia serving Kazakhstan, the Kyrgyz Republic and Tajikistan and a medical school in Karachi, Pakistan. The Aga Khan University in Arusha, Tanzania, is under construction.

    The Aga Khan joins six other distinguished personalities to receive honorary Canadian citizenship. The honour has been bestowed on Nelson Mandela, Raoul Wallenberg, the Dalai Lama, Aung San Suu Kyi, the Aga Khan and Malala Yousafzai.

    Described as “Prince of the Islamic World,” the Aga Khan has made the Ismailis a successful model community, which has been the envy of the world.

    Mansoor Ladha is a Calgary-based journalist, travel writer and author. He has published A Portrait in Pluralism: Aga Khan’s Shia Ismaili Muslims (Detselig).


    1. Pingback: Columnist Ladha: Why Aga Khan strengthens ties with Canada | Ismailimail

    2. Karim

      February 21, 2014 at 12:34 pm

      Very proud to be an ISMAILI!

    3. NanoWisdoms Archive

      February 21, 2014 at 8:57 pm

      Although the Aga Khan’s relationship with Canada goes back to the 1960′s, it was perhaps Canada’s response to the Ugandan-Asian crisis of 1972 which gave Canada “top-of-mind” presence for both the Aga Khan and the Ismailis.

      Time and time again, but perhaps most often by Canadians themselves, the Aga Khan is asked “Why Canada?” Why his deep affinity for Canada? While Canada’s commitment to pluralism undoubtedly lies at the heart of the his admiration of Canada, his affinity for her encompasses broader facets of Canadian society fundamental for progress across the Developing World — from remote, war-torn, Afghanistan mountain villages to the mega-metropolis of Cairo. It his profound understanding of both the intellectual disposition and the civic machinery essential for stable, harmonious, sustainable society that has led him to recognise the genius that is Canada, though this recognition generally alludes Canadians themselves.

      We hope the following extracts, culled from 36 years of the Aga Khan’s Canadian speeches and interviews, begin to capture his answer to the question: “Why Canada?”

      His Highness the Aga Khan and Canada: A Profound Affinity — But why Canada?

    4. Gulzar Janmohamed

      February 22, 2014 at 4:11 pm

      Mansoor, your article is immensely enlightening and thank you so much for explaining Hazar Imam’s goal. May we all Ismailis try our best to follow Hazar Imam’s Hidayat and exceed His expectations in being the role models and make Him proud. It is our Ismailis like you and sevral others who will keep our My Flag flying high. All the best to you.

    5. Abdulrehman Premji

      February 23, 2014 at 3:40 pm

      My dear brother in Religion Mansoor: Ya Ali Madad, and Mowla Bapa bless you. Amen.

      Iincredibally, one of the best articles I have read so far on Hazar Imam. Many thanks, and keep it up. There are so much Mowla Bapa is doing for the humans, specially for the less fortunate in the World, that public is yet to know. You are blessed with the opportunity to let the world to know.

      Abdulrehman Premji

      My dear brother in religion Mansoorbhai: Mowla Bapa bless you with all your good wishes. Amen.

      Incredibally, one of the best articles on Hazar Imam, I have read so far. Many thanks, and keep it up. Mowla Bapa is so much doing for we humans, specillay for the less fortunates in third world countries, that public has yet to know. You have been blessed in a position to let public know of Mowla Bapa’s work. Many thanks.

      Abdulrehman Premji

    6. Vali Jamal, PhD

      February 26, 2014 at 11:37 am

      The title is one-sided: The Aga Khan strengthens his ties to Canada, but also vice versa, in a “virtuous spiral”. As Mr Ladha points out the spiral started with the Uganda Asian expulsion, when around 7,000 of the stranded people, recently disenfranchised, were taken in by Canada. The Aga Khan’s friendship with PM Trudeau played a role, though to spoil the ongoing euphoria, Trudeau was first reacting to pleas from UK PM Edward Heath to alleviate the problem faced by “an overcrowded island” from a “tide of involuntary immigrants from Uganda.” (Statement to Parliament on August 24, 1972, three weeks into the expulsion notice.) Also worth noting is the Canadian mission applied the points system until almost the very end, even though this was a refugee situation. The final tally we glean from the diary of the chief of the mission that came to process us is over 60 percent of applicants were either rejected outright or failed the interview. Within just six months of arrival in Canada, we learn from a survey conducted by Manpower, over 80 percent of the people had found jobs, although not commensurately with their qualifications. FFW to 15 years later and the once-refugees boasted several millionaires among them. They were not always the proverbial “shirt on their back” that people like to make out: Many had money stashed away abroad, a grievance of the Expeller-in-Chief Uganda President Idi Amin. The immigrants’ success contributed to the adoption of multiculturism as Canada’s national law in 1987, which then encouraged the Aga Khan to site his Global Centre for Pluralism in Canada. The spiral continues, with the granting of six honorary doctorates to the Aga Khan from Canadian universities, the honorary citizenship – and now the honour of addressing the joint houses of parliament, only the sixth non-head of state to do so, of whom three were pro forma UN secretaries general. One could say without any reservation the Aga Khan has received more honours from Canada than any other individual from Canada or any other country. So the Aga Khan-Canada ties are very strong and will strengthen as the Imam is seen as the moderate face of Islam.
      Warning: Commercial coming: All the above is from my book on Uganda Asians (Then and Now, Here and There). It should appear in July, seven years in the writing, and break a few wrists weighing in at 7 kg, 1.2 million words. Will it also burst the block? There are no more than 4,000 pre-1972 Uganda Asians households left in the world today, so sales was never a consideration. Self-publish, as no publisher understood the obsession.